Skin is the largest organ, covering the entire body. It is the ultimate vessel for human body; which receives and transports, accepts and expels according to the body's needs.

In addition to serving as a protective shield against heat, light, injury, and infection, the skin also:

  • Regulates body temperature
  • Stores water and fat
  • Is a sensory organ
  • Prevents water loss
  • Prevents entry of bacteria.



The word "Eczema" is a Greek word, which means to "boil out".

Basically, the factors combining to cause Dermatitis and Eczema, are ENDOGENIC (internal) which render the skin allergic or vulnerable and secondly the EXOGENIC (external), i.e., the invasion by an allergen through contact, inhalation or ingestion.

Truly speaking there is no eczematous patient, as the exciting factors have to be established. Once the skin has been irritated and sensitized, it becomes prone to further insults. Scratching, chemical trauma, climatic strains and psychogenic stresses keep the process going, with the result that it becomes chronic. In such cases there is usually a FAMILY HISTORY of allergy e.g. Urticaria, Allergic Rhinitis, Asthma etc.

There is a multitude of allergens that cause Eczema. The most common ones are:

  • Irritants: Physical, chemical or electrical.
  • Sensitizers: Plants, cosmetics, clothing, ointments and occupational hazards, alkalis like soap.
  • Climate: Temperature and humidity e.g. photodermatitis.
  • Drugs: Given for the disease or otherwise. Systemically administered drugs can produce a number of morphologically distinct cutaneous eruptions. Macular, maculopapular lesions and Urticaria are the most undesirable effects caused by drugs along with itching, fever, eosinophilia etc.
  • Mental and emotional conflicts.

Eczema is an inflammation of the skin which may cause dryness, flakiness, heat and most importantly, itching. It is usually said that in Dermatitis "it is an itch that rashes rather than a rash that itches". It is a pruritic papulovesicular process. First, there is superficial inflammation of the epidermis then there is vesication, which causes mild to severe itching. It then goes through the stages of formation of watery discharge, crusting and finally scaling. Ultimately, it heals without any scars but if the Eczema becomes chronic there is lichenification of the skin, i.e., the skin becomes hard and leathery.


Urticaria or Hives are itchy, burning eruptions that appear on the skin as an indication of an allergic sensitivity to various allergens.


The most common allergies are:

  • Food: Food allergy due to some item that has been consumed within a day or two will give rise to generalized itching, abdominal cramps and loose stools. The common (food) allergens are eggs, nuts, wheat, chocolate, cocoa, prawn, crabs, nuts and food dyes and additives etc.
  • Sprays and inhalants.
  • Dust and Pollutants.
  • Drugs: Many Drugs, vaccines and hormone preparations can precipitate Urticaria.
  • Physical factors: e.g. cold, heat, pressure, and exertion.
  • Worms.
  • Insect bites.
  • Pollen.
  • Cosmetics

The development of Urticaria occurs when the body releases histamines into the blood stream or tissues as an allergic response causing widening of the capillaries thereby allowing the plasma to escape through its walls resulting in raised eruptions on the skin surface.


  • Urticaria appears as red or white blotches on the skin accompanied by itching and burning. They may disappear as suddenly as they came or they may last for several days.
  • Severe itching preceeds the attack.
  • Eruptions of various sizes usually appear.
  • In a few minutes, eruptions may develop, spread, and coalesce to form larger hives.
  • Any part of the body may be affected.


The most serious complication is the development of giant hives known as Angio-neurotic oedema. This condition appears on eyelids, lips or tongue accompanied by swelling. When the swelling is internal especially in the air-passages it can lead to obstruction in breathing.


Acne is a disorder of the skin, which usually occurs in adolescence especially in people with a strong family history of allergic disorders.

It is the term for plugged pores (blackheads and whiteheads), pimples, and even deeper lumps (cysts or nodules) that occur on the face, neck, chest, back, shoulders and even the upper arms. While not a life threatening condition, acne can be upsetting and disfiguring. Severe acne can lead to serious and permanent scarring.

The underlying cause of Acne, which affects approximately 80% of all teenagers, is the increase in quantity of androgens secreted, or increased sensitivity of the sebaceous glands to androgens. These glands are found in areas where acne is common (the face, upper back, and chest). Rarely, Acne can be due to a hormonal imbalance.


Certain foods especially to which the patient is allergic also causes an increase in the activity of the sebaceous glands. The most common offenders are chocolates, nuts, cheese and fatty foods.

Types of ACNE

A comedo is a sebaceous follicle plugged with sebum, dead cells from inside the sebaceous follicle, tiny hair, and sometimes bacteria. When a comedo is open, it is commonly called a blackhead because the surface of the plug in the follicle has a blackish appearance. A closed comedo is commonly called a whitehead; its appearance is that of a skin-colored or slightly inflamed "bump" in the skin.



Dandruff, or shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp at an excessive rate, is the result of normal growing process of skin cells of the scalp. Dandruff scales appear dry, white or grayish, small, unsightly patches, especially on top of the head.

It has been observed that dandruff is more common in people with a family history of allergic manifestations. In this condition there is diffuse scaling of the scalp. It may be of dry or greasy variety.The condition can spread to other hairy regions of the body e.g. eyebrows, beard, axilla, genitalia etc.

It is triggered by overactive oil glands, food allergies, stress, excessive perspiration, too harsh shampoos and further aggravated by endocrine disorders, unbalanced diet, constipation etc.



At any one time, about 10 percent of the hair on scalp is in resting phase. After 2 to 3 months, the resting hair falls out and new hair starts to grow in its place. This growing phase lasts for 2 to 6 years. Each hair grows approximately 1 centimeter per month during this phase. About 90 percent of the hair on scalp is growing at any one time. It is normal to shed some hair each day as part of this cycle. However, some people may experience excessive (more than normal) hair loss.

Partial or complete loss of hair, most commonly of the scalp occurrs as a consequence of genetic or hormonal factors. It may be associated with dandruff. Hair loss may occur without scarring or gross atrophic changes (noncicatricial) or may follow inflammation, tissue destruction or scar tissue formation (cicatricial).



Skin pigmentation disorders are conditions that cause the skin to appear lighter or darker than normal, or blotchy and discolored. A condition called vitiligo, creates smooth, depigmented white spots on the skin. Any part of the body may be affected, but the most common sites are hands, face, trunk and legs. In hyperpigmentation, the body produces too much melanin, causing skin to become darker than usual.


It is a common, chronic non-infectious skin disease whose course is punctuated by intermissions and remissions. Attacks are more common in winters. It has been commonly observed that it is a hereditary familial disease aggravated by stress, mental trauma, physical injury, digestive upsets etc.

Psoriasis is characterized by well defined slight raised , dry and a typically extensor distribution. Eg. Scalp, palms soles, nails etc.


Sometimes parts of the body other than the skin may be affected:

  • The joints can be affected by a form of Arthritis.
  • One or more of finger or toe nails may develop little pits as on a thimble, or may become generally more opaque and thickened (nail dystrophy).
  • The eyes may become inflamed.

Bakson's Homoeopathy provides a safe and effective cure for these allergic manifestations of Skin through it's holistic approach being practiced at all the Clinics.


Follow a healthy diet, rich in red colour fruits, vegetables and fish. Food, high in saturated fats including meat, butter and full-fat dairy as well as soft drinks, cakes, pastries and potatoes, increase the likelihood of skin wrinkling. So they should be avoided. Avoid food which produces heat in the body, for e.g. chocolates, nuts, dry fruits, excessive spicy & sour food, mangoes etc as they increase the activity of sebaceous glands.

Irregular meals and off-time unnecessary snacks should be avoided. Note: Avoid sudden exposure to cold wind, dust, rain, smoke.

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In the field of clinical Homoeopathy, Dr Bakshi's Bakson's Homoeopathic Centre for Allergy, with an ISO 9001:2008 certified flagship is known for treating allergic manifestations of:


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New Delhi - 110049

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